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Emulsions bitumen

Bitumen Emulsions are divided into three categories in terms of setting.
Rapid-Setting (RS) / Medium-Setting (MS) / Slow-Setting (SS) Cationic RS emulsion is currently widely used in Iran. Emulsion setting is irreversible phenomenon which may occur due to the evaporation of the water phase or the attraction of water by stone materials. Throughout this phenomenon, the water phase disappears and bitumen particles will have less space. Then, the bitumen gradually moves towards the surface or coats the aggregate

Cationic Emulsion

These emulsions are known as cationic because their bitumen aggregates carry positive charges. They are divided into the following categories:

CATIONIC EMULSIONS
CSS CMS CRS
CSS-1 CMS-1 CRS-1
CSS-1h CMS-2h CRS-2

 

Tips
C stands for cationic letters and numbers are the same as explained for anionic emulsions.

Anionic Emulsion

These emulsion types, which carry negative charge, are divided into the following categories

ANIONIC EMULSIONS
RS MS SS
RS-1 MS-1 SS-1
  MS-2 SS-1h
  MS-2h  
  MS-2h  
  HFMS-1  
  HFMS-2  
  HFMS-2h  
  HFMS-2s  

 

Tips

HF which stands for High-Float indicates the bitumen coating of aggregates.
Numbers 1 & 2 show respectively low and high percentage of pure bitumen in the emulsions
H indicates the use of pure bitumen in emulsion
S indicates the usability of bitumen for mixing with sand materials.

information

CSS-1 Cationic Slow Setting Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 20-100 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.05 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 50 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 15 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION RATE
APPLICATION Quantity in Kilogram per 10 Square Meter Area
Prime coat – Low porosity 6-9
Prime coat – Medium porosity 9-12
Prime coat – High porosity 12-15
Fog spray 5-10

 

Bitumen CSS-1h Cationic Slow Setting Harder Base Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE Test METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 20-100 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.1 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 57 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 15 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION UNIT TEMPERATURE
Storage Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 30-60
Application Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 35-60

 

Bitumen CMS-1P CR Cationic Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 50-300 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.05 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 65 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 30 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION Quantity in Kilogram per 10 Square Meter Area
Premix Carpe 20-23
Pothole Repair, Quantity by Weight of Aggregate 7%

 

Bitumen CMS-2h Cationic Medium Setting Harder Base Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 50-450 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.1 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 65 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 30 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 40-90 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION UNIT TEMPERATURE
Storage Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 50-85
Spraying Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 60-85

 

Bitumen CRS-1 Cationic Rapid Setting Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 20-100 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.05 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 60 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 15 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION Quantity in Kilogram per 10 Square Meter Area
Normal Bituminous Surfaces 2-2.5
Dry Bituminous Surfaces 2.5-3.0
Granular Surfaces Treated with Primer 2.5-3.0
Non-Bituminous Surfaces 3.5-4.0

 

Bitumen CRS-2 Cationic Rapid Setting Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 100-400 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.1 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 65 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 15 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 100-250 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION UNIT TEMPERATURE
Storage Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 50-70
Spraying Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 70-90

 

Bitumen RS-1 Rapid Setting Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 20-100 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.05 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 60 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 15 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION Quantity in Kilogram per 10 Square Meter Area
Normal Bituminous Surfaces 2-2.5
Dry Bituminous Surfaces 2.5-3.0
Granular Surfaces Treated with Primer 2.5-3.0
Non-Bituminous Surfaces 3.5-4.0

 

Bitumen RS-2 Rapid Setting Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 20-100 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.05 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 50 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 15 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION Quantity in Kilogram per 10 Square Meter Area
Normal Bituminous Surfaces 2-2.5
Dry Bituminous Surfaces 2.5-3.0
Granular Surfaces Treated with Primer 2.5-3.0
Non-Bituminous Surfaces 3.5-4.0

 

Bitumen HFRS-2 High Float Rapid Setting Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 75-100 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.2 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 50 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 15 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION UNIT TEMPERATURE
Storage Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 50-60
Spraying Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 50-85

 

Bitumen MS-1 Medium Setting Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 50-300 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.05 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 65 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 30 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min
ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION Quantity in Kilogram per 10 Square Meter Area
Premix Carpet 20-23
Pothole Repair, Quantity by Weight of Aggregate 7%

 

Bitumen MS-2 Medium Setting Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 50-300 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.05 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 60 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 30 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION Quantity in Kilogram per 10 Square Meter Area
Premix Carpet 20-23
Pothole Repair, Quantity by Weight of Aggregate 7%

 

Bitumen MS-2h Medium Setting Harder Base Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 50-300 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.05 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 60 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 30 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 40-90 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION Quantity in Kilogram per 10 Square Meter Area
Premix Carpet 20-23
Pothole Repair, Quantity by Weight of Aggregate 7%

 

Bitumen HFMS-1 High Float Medium Setting Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 20-100 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.05 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 55 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 30 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION UNIT TEMPERATURE
Storage Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 10-60
Spraying Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 20-70

 

Bitumen HFMS-2 High Float Medium Setting Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 100 min ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.05 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 63 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 30 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION UNIT TEMPERATURE
Storage Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 50-85
Spraying Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 60-85

 

Bitumen HFMS-2h High Float Medium Setting Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 20-100 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.05 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 55 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 30 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION UNIT TEMPERATURE
Storage Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 50-85
Spraying Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 60-85

 

Bitumen SS-1 Slow Setting Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 20-100 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.05 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 50 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 15 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 60-200 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION Quantity in Kilogram per 10 Square Meter Area
Prime coat – Low porosity 6-9
Prime coat – Medium porosity 9-12
Prime coat – High porosity 12-15
Fog spray 5-10

 

Bitumen SS-1h Slow Setting Harder Base Emulsion Grade
SPECIFICATION UNIT VALUE TEST METHOD
Kinematic Viscosity 50°C Centistokes (CST) 20-100 ASTM D2170
Residue on Sieving, 600 Micron IS Mass Percentage (%) 0.1 max ASTM D244
Storage stability after 24 hours Percentage (%) 2 max ASTM D244
Binder Residue by Evaporation Percentage (%) 60 min ASTM D244
Setting Time Minutes (′) 15 ASTM D244
Penetration, 50 °C 1/10 Millimeters (mm) 70-100 ASTM D5
Solubility in Trichloroethylene Weight Percentage (WT%) 97.5 min ASTM D2042
APPLICATION TEMPERATURE
APPLICATION UNIT TEMPERATURE
Storage Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 10-60
Spraying Temperature Degree Celsius (°C) 10-50